Diploma Unit Two. Architectural Association School of Architecture

Tools for Architecture is a research unit based at the Architectural Association in London formed by a team of MArch AA Diploma students and lead by Space Popular directors Lara Lesmes and Fredrik Hellberg.

Architectural Elements

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Essentially the tube becomes a brick in my building system, acting as a universal building component, which can be reproduced and introduced on any scale and for any purpose.


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The same element of the torus can be altered to create different joining partitions.


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Finally different types of toruses can create closed, semi-closed, open modular elements for different purposes.